what is sumac

Poison sumac releases an oil known as urushiol when the plant is bruised or damaged. In fact, you can use it in place of lemon in a lot of dishes. Use it in the kitchen to boost the acidity of meats, grains, and vegetables. Poison sumac is a plant that can cause allergic skin reactions. Use it to season and garnish food. Sumac juice, sumac tea, sumac bark is traditionally used to treat women’s diseases. Sumac is a distinctive spice you can use in food or as herbal medicine. It’s also excellent when cooked with eggplant. (Berries from some of those species can cause skin irritation, so best leave the harvesting to the experts.) Sumac is a spice, used mostly in Middle Eastern cooking, that has a lovely tart mild lemon flavor. It’s characterized by its large clusters of red berries. The brick red powder is made by crushing the dried fruits of the sumac bush. Sumac is a household staple in middleeastern countries, much like salt and pepper in the United States. The plant is actually a member of the cashew family, just like pink peppercorns are. The ancient herb sumac—made from ruby-colored berries that are ground into a beautiful, coarse powder that bursts with color and flavor—has been underappreciated in American cooking (if you immediately thought of poison ivy, you’re wrong!) Sumac is a spice that is popular in the Middle East. Sumac, (genus Rhus), genus of shrubs and small trees belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), native to temperate and subtropical zones. Sumac adds a crisp brightness to any dish and can be featured prominently, like it is in Fattoush Salad, or simply added in small quantities to give a dish a little extra burst of flavor. But its best use is sprinkled over food before serving. Poison sumac can cause inflamed, itchy hives on the skin. The deep red berries are most often used ground into a powder. Le sumac est connu depuis l'Antiquité pour ses vertus thérapeutiques et nutritives. In Iran, they use it as a condiment, putting it onto the table with salt and pepper. Sumac is a spice, used mostly in Middle Eastern cooking, that has a lovely tart mild lemon flavor. Monounsaturated fats are healthy fats found in olive oil, avocados and some nuts. People should never ingest it. Because it may be difficult for untrained people to differentiate between sumac and poison sumac, don’t forage for your own sumac. Sumac has a good track record for safety, with no adverse reactions reported in available clinical research. Sumac is a general name for the 250 species of flowering plants in the Rhus genus. People have also used it in traditional herbal medicine practices for centuries. Large flower clusters in spring are followed by brilliantly colored fall foliage in orange, flame red, and burgundy. Le sumac : un parfait substitut de citron et du vinaigre A l'antiquité, les romains et les grecs s'en servaient pour remplacer le vinaigre et le citron. It grows in tropical and temperate regions all over the world. If you plan on using it medicinally, consult your healthcare provider to ensure it’s the right fit for you. This is a detailed meal plan for the Mediterranean diet. Many other varieties of sumac occur in temperate regions of the world. It features the Vancouver, British Columbia-based Nick Yacyshyn (), Brooklyn, NYC-based Brian Cook (Russian Circles, ex-These Arms Are Snakes, ex-Botch) and Vashon, Washington-based Aaron Turner (Mamiffer, Old Man Gloom, ex-Isis).Sumac released its debut album The Deal through Profound Lore Records in … One such plant is poison sumac, a deciduous, woody shrub or small tree. Sumac is also a major component in a number of spice blends, like za’atar so you can swap in some of that if you have that on hand. This particular sumac is cured and comes from Turkey specifically. They may help prevent inflammatory illnesses, such as heart disease and cancer (5). Ground sumac is great for adding acidity, brightness, and color to many dishes, including grilled meats and vegetables, grains, baked goods, and desserts. Il se présente sous forme de poudre un peu onctueuse et humide. Learn more here. Sumac, as it is used in a culinary context, is the berry part of a sumac tree or shrub, of which there are about 35 species deriving from the genus Rhus. Sumac spice is a common flavoring used in a lot of Middle Eastern countries. The deep red berries are most often used ground into a powder. Try sumac rubbed into steaks before grilling, sprinkled on potatoes before roasting, or used to add an extra brightness to summer salads. Last medically reviewed on November 5, 2020. Ancient Greeks first wrote about the health benefits thousands of years ago. It is also used in rice and vegetable dishes. Some research suggests sumac may be an effective tool for managing blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. (Berries from some of those species can cause skin irritation, so best leave the harvesting to the experts.) The plants are also grown as soil binders and cover plants. Home cooks and chefs alike have have become infatuated by the bright, tart, lightly astringent flavor the spice adds to dishes. Antioxidants are incredibly important, but most people don't really understand what they are. There are many species of sumac, but Rhus coriaria is the species that produces our beloved spice. Its scientific name is Rhus coriaria. Good for Diabetes And sumac is the common name for shrubs belonging to the Rhus genus; they bear fruit in clusters of orange to russet, and their leaves turn vividly scarlet in fall. Poison sumac grows to be 6 to 20 feet high. Sumac is also a beneficial ingredient for those with type 2 diabetes. Sumacs have been used as a source of dyes , medicines, and beverages, and the dried fruits of some species are used as … The ground spice has a deep-red colour.. What does sumac taste like? Sumac refers to any flowering plant that belongs to the Rhus genus or the Anacardiaceae family, which often consist of small shrubs and sumac trees that produce bright red fruits known as drupes. Oleic acid is a type of monounsaturated fat commonly associated with heart health. Sumac is generally safe but may cause allergic reactions for certain people. Le sumac est une épice de couleur grenat aux reflets bruns. A little bit of Sumac on French fires can make it go to another level of taste. A 2014 analysis found that nutritionally dried sumac is made up of approximately 71% carbs, 19% fat, and 5% protein (1). People sometimes use it to make a sweet and sour beverage known as sumac lemonade. This spice is used for salad purposes in Middle East regions. It grows in tropical and temperate regions all over the world. You’re likely to find sumac in the spice or supplement aisle of your local grocery store. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) grows just about anywhere and everywhere all across the eastern part of the United States. At the conclusion of the 3-month study, the group that received the sumac supplement had significantly improved average blood sugar and antioxidant levels compared with those who took a placebo (6). You may have trouble finding sumac at your local supermarket, but don’t be afraid to ask your store’s manager to start stocking it. Every editorial product is independently selected, though we may be compensated or receive an affiliate commission if you buy something through our links. The name sumac means “red” in medieval French, Latin, and Syrian languages. Très utilisé dans la cuisine orientale, notamment pour sa saveur citronnée et ses propriétés digestives et apéritives, il a également servi à la médecine traditionnelle pour le traitement des diarrhées, des désordres urinaires, des hémorroïdes et des maux de gorge. It has a bright, lemony flavor without the sharp, acidic punch lemons bring to a dish. All it needs is an abandoned field, highway median or roadside ditch and it’s happy as can be. There are many flowering plant species around the world that are part of the Rhus genus. It helps treat menstrual disorders, cramps, menstrual burns, and pain by acting like estrogen. We’re here to fix that. Anacardiaceae. Try mixing it into your favorite spice blend anytime you want a lemony flavor. Sumac’s flavor is mainly tart and tartness is what vinegar provides. Made from dried berries, it has an appealing lemon-lime tartness that can be widely used. Mediterranean Diet Review: Does It Work for Weight Loss? People typically take it in capsule form, but you can also take it as a tea or tincture. If you want tartness similar to that of sumac but enhanced with citrus, consider adding lemon juice at the end of cooking. It can be found in pill form, but the tastiest way to use it is by adding it to recipes using the full berries, or more often, the dried and ground up berries as a spice. Prior to this position, James worked in the kitchen of Williams-Sonoma and Southern Living. There are more than 200 different species of sumac, all of which belong to the genus Rhus. Try adding … Le sumac est une épice qui provient des baies d'un arbuste sauvage qui pousse dans toutes les régions méditerranéennes, en particulier en Sicile et dans le sud de l'Italie, ainsi que dans certaines parties du Moyen-Orient, notamment l'Iran. Learn about this process and what affects your blood sugar. Sumac is available commercially as an herbal supplement. Because sumac is in the same family as cashews, folks who are allergic to tree nuts should work with their doctors and be very careful to ensure they are not also allergic to sumac. It ranks high on the ORAC chart, which means it's packed with antioxidants and has the ability to neutralize free radicals that can cause cancer, heart disease, and signs of aging. Linoleic acid is a type of essential polyunsaturated fat that’s involved in maintaining healthy skin and cellular membranes (3). Another similar study asked a group of 41 people with diabetes to take a 3-gram dose of sumac powder every day for 3 months (7). This article explains it all in human terms. We still need more scientific studies to confirm these claims, but the results look promising so far. There’s very little data on the precise micronutrient content of sumac, but some research suggests it contains at least trace amounts of several essential nutrients, including vitamins C, B6, B1, and B2 (1). There are dozens of other sumac species native to Europe, Africa, Asia, and other parts of the world, a few of which are used as landscape plants in the U.S. Sumacs are generally shrubs or small trees. Due to a lack of data, there’s no clearly established dose for using sumac medicinally. It’ll taste great, especially in this za’atar chicken recipe. When dried and ground, sumac has a coarse, gritty texture. Sumac is a widely used, essential spice in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cooking. These include fiber, healthy fats, and some essential vitamins. But what is sumac exactly and how can you add it to your cooking? These are usually mild, but treatment may be necessary for severe symptoms. You can try this yourself and it will complement most dishes. If you look at any cuisine around the Mediterranean Sea, chances are a good many of the recipes are going to contain sumac. It is related to the poisonous shrub by the same name, but the culinary variety is safe to use and easily identifiable by … Adeena Sussman's za'atar roasted chicken with sumac potatoes recipe from her cookbook, 'Sababa.' The sumac spice should not be confused with poison sumac. Sumacs include about 35 flowering woody North American species in the Rhus genus within the Anacardiaceae family, which also includes cashews, mangos, and pistachios. This article explores everything you need to know about sumac, including what it is, its potential health benefits, and how to use it. If you experience any issues like itching, hives, or swelling after you consume sumac, stop using it, and consult with a doctor familiar with food allergies. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Sumac is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. People dry and powder these berries for use as an herbal medicine or culinary spice. Sumac, (genus Rhus), genus of shrubs and small trees belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), native to temperate and subtropical zones. Do not confuse it with poison sumac. Sumac thrives in subtropical and temperate climates and grows all over the world, including various parts of the Mediterranean, Asia, and Africa (1). Though poison sumac is related, it’s distinctly different. Sumac is characterized by the large, dense clusters of bright red, pea-sized fruit it produces. Sumac is a variety of flowering shrub that belongs to a family of plants known as Anacardiaceae. The flower clusters produce berrylike drupes that turn red in autumn and last well into winter where they serve as tasty snacks for wildlife. The word sumac is derived from the Arabic summãq, meaning red. This article explains 12 simple ways to avoid blood sugar spikes. It’s also good on grilled vegetables, chicken, fish and lamb. Scientific evidence on the effects of sumac in people is lacking. Sumac comes from the berries of a wild bush that grows wild in all Mediterranean areas, especially in Sicily and southern Italy, and parts of the Middle East, notably Iran. It is similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed. A 2016 study gave 40 healthy people a sumac beverage or a placebo to investigate the potential for sumac to relieve muscle pain. That said, because sumac is related to cashews and mango, people with allergies to those foods may want to steer clear of sumac to avoid any potential allergic reactions. Instead of … Sumac is also applied externally in extreme vaginal discharge. Some species have medicinal qualities while others are … This will give it a more complex flavor that will round out a dish. A sumac plant is a type of small tree or shrub with compound leaves, milky sap, and fleshy fruit.. People are often not familiar with sumac, but have heard of poison sumac, which this is definitely not! Le sumac est une épice à la saveur citronnée. Sumac is associated mainly with Middle Eastern cooking, though there is a North American variant of the spice. Sumac is a flowering shrub known scientifically as Rhus coriaria. When purchasing any nutritional or herbal supplement, you should opt for those that have been tested for purity and potency by third-party organizations, such as NSF International or U.S. Pharmacopoeia. What Are the Benefits of Monounsaturated Fats? The plant is actually a member of the cashew family, just like pink peppercorns are. Taste of Home is America's #1 cooking magazine. Sumac is a popular ingredient in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines. ‘With a generous shaking of deep red, citrusy sumac spice, it had a warm and rich taste.’ ‘The kabob koubideh is composed of ground beef and a considerable amount of minced onion, along with salt, black pepper, turmeric and sumac, and perhaps a hint of lime or lemon juice.’ Also, the mother’s milk also increases. Potential downsides and safety precautions, Mediterranean Diet 101: A Meal Plan and Beginner's Guide, 15 Healthy Mediterranean-Style Appetizer Recipes, Identifying and Treating a Poison Sumac Rash. Sumac is the generic name for the spice that is the product of the plant Rhus coriaria. People most commonly use sumac as a spice. Musakhan - A Palestinian national dish comprised of Taboun bread layered with onions, olive oil, … The next time you find yourself without sumac, you can simply turn to these sumac substitutes without any fuss. Some people may only be familiar with the poisonous variety of sumac that can cause a serious rash much like poison oak and poison ivy do. The sumacs grown for … A 2004 chemical analysis of fresh sumac fruit found that over 14% of it is made up of fiber, a nutrient that supports digestive health (1, 4). Légèrement acidulé, voire vinaigré, le sumac pétille dans la bouche et vous laissera quelques notes naturelles salées sur les papilles !. Learn how to identify the plant and treat skin rashes. Sumac býður upp á fágaðan matseðil með sterkum innblæstri frá seiðandi stemningu Beirút í Líbanon og tælandi áhrifum frá Marokkó. Sumac is a plant that grows all over the world. Sumac is bright, citrusy and astringent—it’s like a complex, mouth-puckering combination of lemon, salt and vinegar. Some people may only be familiar with the poisonous variety of sumac that can cause a serious rash much like poison oak and poison ivy do. Sumac has a rich red color, a citrus-like fragrance, and a distinct tart flavor similar to lemon juice. People have also used it in traditional herbal medicine practices for centuries. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) inhabits swamps and other wet areas … That said, clinical research has demonstrated that doses of up to 3 grams per day are safe. Although these results are promising, more research is needed to understand how people can use sumac to alleviate muscle pain or support exercise performance in larger populations. There’s also evidence that antioxidants in foods like sumac may play a role in reducing inflammation. It’s also delicious mixed into ground meat, say for tacos or a topping on Armenian pizza-like dish called Lehmejun. Sumac has been shown to have a positive effect on diabetes patients. Conclusion. If you have lemon pepper seasoning, that will also work in a pinch. It pairs well with vegetables, grilled lamb, chicken and fish. There’s nothing like a tasty plant that just loves to … A 2014 study of 41 people with diabetes evaluated the impact of a daily 3-gram dose of sumac on blood sugar and antioxidant levels (6). Its primary function is to add a tart note to foods.The flavor of sumac is similar to lemon and other citrus fruits though some also liken its flavor to that of fresh apples. Sumac is a spice made from dried and ground sumac berries, which grow on bushes in both subtropical and temperate regions across the world – particularly East Asia, Africa and North America. It’s characterized by its large clusters of red berries. Sumac! Sumac is also applied externally in extreme vaginal discharge. You can also find sumac at specialty grocers. The flavor of sumac is very distinct but if you can’t find it or run out in the middle of a recipe, there are a few substitutions you can make. The study authors suggested this may have caused the observed pain relief (8). Sumac, as it is used in a culinary context, is the berry part of a sumac tree or shrub, of which there are about 35 species deriving from the genus Rhus. The sumac group experienced a 25% reduction in circulating insulin, suggesting their insulin sensitivity may have increased as a result of the sumac supplement (7). Whenever I make hummus, I always reach for a little sumac to sprinkle on top along with some good olive oil and coarse sea salt. However, more research is needed. Skin contact with poison sumac plant oil leads to an itchy, burning allergic skin reaction. The new bark on the branches is relatively smooth. It will add that fresh citrus flavor but it lacks a little of that depth you’ll find in sumac. Sumac is one of the most powerful anti-inflammatory spices out there. C’est un condiment obtenu à partir de baies séchées de couleur rouge brique poussant sur un arbuste (Rhus Coriaria) de la même famille que le pistachier.Cette épice au goût fruité et acidulé utilisée depuis l’Antiquité au Moyen-Orient est un excellent substitut au citron et au vinaigre. It helps cut what can otherwise be an overwhelming fatty taste. No, I’m not talking about the wild stuff growing in your backyard that once gave you an itchy rash. Learn about causes…. Almost everyone has experienced discomfort in their muscles at some point. Physical Characteristics Look for a 5 to 20 ft (1.5 to 6.1 m) shrub or tree. Recipes we recommend. Sumac is a tangy, lemony spice often used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cooking. Vinegar is considerably more tart than sumac so you will want to use it with caution. Experts believe this may be the primary reason for sumac’s broad therapeutic potential. The same is true of mangos. It’s particularly popular in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines. It’s used in everything from dry rubs, marinades, and dressing. The sumac group also experienced significant increases in circulating antioxidant levels. In fact, most species are harmless shrubs or trees. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. In Greek cooking, sumac is used as a rub for grilled meats, and as a flavoring most notably on meats, in stews, and in pita wraps. Il est composé d'environ 125 espèces présentes dans les régions subtropicales et tempérées dans de nombreuses parties du monde. You can use sumac to enhance the flavor of your favorite dishes or take it as a supplement. The bright red berries are harvested, dried and ground resulting in a coarse powder with a dark purplish-red color. Winged sumac—which is also known by a variety of other common names, including dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, and shining sumac—is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree that thrives in dry soils in open areas where it often forms large colonies. People dry and powder these berries for use as an herbal medicine or culinary spice. One study found that daily intake of the superfood for a period of three months lead to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease among participants with type 2 diabetes. It provides a tart, astringent note that complements fish and chicken. If you learn how to identify the plant by its bark, then you will be able to avoid coming into contact with poison sumac in winter (after it has lost its leaves). Sumac may strengthen your bones – Certain compounds in sumac might enhance bone metabolism, strengthening the bones and preventing their premature de-calcification. “It’s … Sumac is a household staple in middleeastern countries, much like salt and pepper in the United States. 12 Simple Tips to Prevent Blood Sugar Spikes, What You Need to Know About Muscle Aches and Pains. Although it is related to a same-named toxic shrub, this version is perfectly fine to eat. Poison sumac produces white-colored fruit and can cause allergic reactions similar to those from poison ivy or poison oak. Provenant des baies séchées et broyées, le sumac est une poudre à la couleur rouge foncé avec une texture onctueuse. As Taste of Home’s Deputy Editor, Culinary, James oversees the Food Editor team, recipe contests and Bakeable, and manages all food content for Trusted Media Brands. 1 A shrub or small tree with compound leaves, reddish hairy fruits in conical clusters, and bright autumn colours.. Genera Rhus and Cotinus, family Anacardiaceae: several species, including the Mediterranean R. coriaria and the North American staghorn sumac (R. typhina), often grown as an ornamental It’s been grown and eaten in this area long before the Roman Empire reigned over much of Europe. Like many other culinary spices, sumac can enhance the flavor and color of a variety of dishes. Le sumac est une épice orientale qui se fraie peu à peu un passage dans la cuisine occidentale. There are so many great ways to use sumac in your cooking. There are many ways to use sumac, from spice rubs to marinades and even in some desserts. Because sumac may lower blood sugar, it’s also not recommended if you’re taking medications that lower blood sugar. People use its red berries as a culinary spice and herbal supplements. At this point, scientists need to do more research to determine how sumac may best fit into a care plan for diabetes management. While there are various forms of sumac growing around the world, the variety used most in cooking comes from a native bush growing throughout southern Italy and the Middle East. What is sumac? It helps treat menstrual disorders, cramps, menstrual burns, and pain by … They look very similar to the sumac we’ve been referring to so far, however it is wise to … Today, researchers have discovered this spice is an antioxidant dynamo and is one of the most powerful anti-inflammatory spices you can find. How to Make the Best Rugelach Cookies for the Holidays, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Yogurt and Sumac Sauce – Feel free to use whatever you have on hand, including lemon juice, lemon zest, or even za’atar. Which leads us to our next point: Thanks to its lively flavor profile, sumac is endlessly versatile. Antioxidants work to protect your cells from damage and reduce oxidative stress within the body. You may never have eaten sumac, but it's sneaking up on you.Somewhat uncommon in American cuisine, the citrusy, berry-like, bracingly tart flower is an old hand with Middle Eastern flavors, and more and more cooks and restaurants are embracing it with gusto.

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